Nouvelle sélection de peintures, Musée national de Corée, Séoul
Welcoming the Year of the Dragon
with a whole-new selection of Joseon paintings
용의 해, 임진년을 맞아 새롭게 선보이는 옛 그림들
31 janvier 2012-27 mai 2012
Afin de célébrer la nouvelle année lunaire du Dragon, le Musée national de Corée (국립중앙박물관) à Séoul présente une nouvelle sélection de 93 peintures datant du début à la fin de la période Choson (1392-1910) dans sa galerie de peintures et de calligraphies (서화관 회화실). Cette galerie comporte quatre sections : Peintures de figures humaines (인물화실), peintures de paysage (산수화실), peintures de fleurs, d’oiseaux et d’animaux (화조영모화실) et peintures de cour (궁중장식화실).
Présentation de l’exposition en anglais :
To make a fresh start for the New Year, the National Museum of Korea (Director Kim Young-na) has replaced all 93 exhibits in the Painting gallery of its Calligraphy and Painting section with new ones. The Painting gallery consists of 4 parts of Figure Painting, Landscape Painting, Bird, Flower and Animal Painting, and Royal Court Painting. The newly-arrayed Painting gallery now awaits visitors with masterpieces of early to late Joseon Dynasty.
On display in the Figure Painting part are some of the greatest mythological and historical paintings of Joseon of the likes of Seowonajipdo (Elegant Gathering in the Western Garden) by Kim Hong-do (1745-after 1806) and Jindantaryeodo (Chen Tuan Falls Off His Donkey) by Yun Du-seo (1668-1715). Jindantaryeodo depicts a historical anecdote of China in which Chen Tuan, delighted by the news of Zhao Kuangyin becoming crowned Taizu of the Song, is said to have fallen off his donkey. The poem composed by King Sukjong (r. 1674-1720), upon seeing the painting, written along its upper left edge adds to the interest of this work.
The new set of exhibits will be available for viewing in the Landscape Painting part, from February 7 (Tue). Such crowning works of early Joseon as Sosangpalgyeongdo (Eight Views of Xiao and Xiang Rivers) attributed to An Gyeon and Sansudo (Landscape), a work created under the latter artist’s influence, attributed to Yang Paeng-Son (1488-1545) will be on display, alongside works by various late-Joseon artists including Gyeomjae Jeong Seon (1676-1759) and Neunghogwan Lee In-sang (1710-1760).
In the Bird, Flower and Animal Painting section, visitors will see among others Eohaedo, the eight-panel fish-and-crab painting by Jang Han-jong (1768-1815). Jang Han-jong was a court painter who was considered a master in the fish-and-crab genre in his time.
Also noteworthy is the eight-panel Yeongmodo (Bird-and-Animal) by Hong Se-seop (1832-1884), an artist best known for his Yuapdo (Swimming Ducks). This complete series of eight ink works will provide visitors with a rare and appreciable opportunity of witnessing the bird-and-animal genre at its best.
The highlight of the newly-arranged Royal Court Painting part is no doubt Jinhado. This folding screen painting commemorates a royal ceremony held in 1783, in which King Jeongjo bestowed posthumous titles on his late parents, Crown Prince Jangheon and Lady Hong. Courtiers shown standing in multiple rows on either side of the king, and the brilliant coloring and lavish use of gold powder make this painting at the same time solemn and sumptuous, as befits a court event.
A selection of Joseon paintings of the dragon is also put on display in this year of the dragon. The dragon was considered, in traditional times, a creature with supernatural powers, capable of warding off evil spirits and calamities. Ullyongdo (Dragon and
Clouds) by Seok Gyeong depicts a dragon in a dynamic posture, as he is just emerging from clouds while holding a bead with its front paws. Meanwhile, the other Ullyongdo by an unknown artist, a gigantic painting, 2m by 2m, is presumed to have been hung at the gate of a palace or a government building at the beginning of a new year to keep away evil spirits and misfortunes.