Exposition : « Chefs d’œuvres de la peinture de Choson », Musée national de Corée

Peinture de paysage, Gyesanpomudo, Jeon Gi, 1825-1854, période Choson


Exposition  « Chefs d’œuvres de la peinture de Choson »

( « Masterpieces of Joseon Painting » )

Jusqu’au 21 octobre 2012

Le Musée national de Corée présente une nouvelle exposition de 107 peintures issues de ses collections, où figurent les plus grands peintres de l’époque Choson : An Kyon (XVe siècle), Chong Son (nom de plume : Kyomjae, 1676-1759), Kim Hong-do (Tanwon, 1745-?) ou encore Chang Sung-op (Owon, 1843-1897).


Présentation de l’exposition en anglais:

The National Museum of Korea (Director Kim Young-na) presents an exhibition of 107 paintings from the Joseon Dynasty, selected from the museum’s vast collection of portraits and figure paintings, landscapes, flower-bird paintings, animal paintings, and court decorative paintings. Held in the newly refurbished Painting Gallery, the exhibition allows visitors to examine and compare the works of some of Joseon’s greatest painters, including An Gyeon (15th century) of early Joseon, Yun Du-so (1668-1715) and Jeong Seon (aka “Gyeomjae,” 1676-1759) of mid-Joseon, and Jang Seung-eop (aka “Owon,” 1843-1897) of late Joseon.
The paintings, exhibited in the Landscape Gallery, include Sasi palgyeongdo (Eight Scenes of the Four Seasons) by An Gyeon, and Hojo nanggwan gyehoedo (Government Officials from the Ministry of Finance, anonymous, Treasure #870), which depicts a social gathering of eight former and current junior finance ministers, presenting a fine example of the “association gathering paintings” of the mid-16th century. Also on display is Gyesanpomudo, a dreary riverside landscape captured in extremely simple brushstrokes by Jeon Gi (1825-1854), who is widely regarded as one of the greatest talents of late Joseon, although he died early at the age of 30. The exhibition also features masterpieces from many of Joseon’s finest artists, such as Jeong Seon, Sim Sa-jeong, and Yi Han-cheol.


Visitors to the Figure Painting Gallery are guided to the portraits of Yun Geup (1697-1770) and Jeong Gyeong-sun (1721-1795), Noseungdo (Old Monk) by Yun Du-seo (1668-1715), Jeollo dogangdo (Crossing the River on Reed Stalk) by Kim Myeong-guk (1600-?). Yun Du-seo was a literati artist well known for the human figure and horse paintings while Kim Myeong-guk was a court painter who visited Japan twice as part of the Joseon envoys. Kim excelled his contemporary artists in almost all the art genres, but was particularly highly praised for the Bodhidharma painting. His paintings are characterized by thick, tough brushstrokes, strong contrast between black and white, and sharply angled lines. The exhibition is expected to provide viewers with a rare opportunity to appreciate and compare works by two of the most creative painters of the Joseon Period.


Viewers in the Flower-Bird and Animal Painting Gallery will be introduced to the world of Korean ink wash paintings represented by works of Yu Deok-jang (a.k.a. Suun, 1675-1756) and Sin Wi (a.k.a. Jaha, 1769-1845) who are largely regarded as the three greatest bamboo painters of the Joseon Period along with Yi Jeong (a.k.a. Taneun, 1554-1626). The artistic greatness of their ink wash paintings is largely indebted to the remarkable sense of space created by the subtle gradation of tone, from black to white. The exhibition in this gallery includes Haedo (Crabs), a fine ink wash painting made by Kim Hong-do (a.k.a. Danwon, 1745-?) who is generally regarded as one of the Joseon’s greatest genre painters. The artist left a humorous postscript on the painting which reads: “Please eat them when you make a journey for the state examination.” Another masterpiece, Hwajo yeongmodo (Flowers, Birds and Animals on the Ten-panel Screen), by Jang Seung-eop displays the artist’s outstanding brushing techniques leading to realistic depiction of his subjects. The exhibition also shows the two fine ink wash paintings collected by Son Chang-geun, Hwajeopdo (Butterflies and Flowers) by Nam Gye-u and Yeongmodo (Bird-and-Animal) by Jang Seung-eop.


Peinture de Fleurs, oiseaux et animaux, paravent à dix panneaux, Jang Seung-eop, 1843-1897, période Choson


The jewel of the exhibition in the Decorative Painting Gallery is Munhyo Seja boyangcheong gyebyeong (The Crown Prince Munhyo’s Folding Screen) of which an in-depth study was conducted and printed in the 19th issue of the artbook published by NMK in 2011. The painting depicts the scene in which Crown Prince Munhyo (1782-1786), King Jeongjo’s eldest son, had first meeting with his two royal tutors, Yi Bok-won (1719-1792) and Kim Ik (1723-1790) in the first month of 1784. Unlike other paintings made to mark important royal events, this particular painting shows comparatively larger human figures and more realistic depiction of the figures, their movements and costumes. The royal court of Joseon maintained a long tradition of employing distinguished scholars for the education of the crown prince and holding a ceremonial meeting between the tutors and their pupil, the crown prince, but remarkably this particular painting is the only remaining picture depicting such event.


Held to mark the second refurbishment of the Painting Gallery of the NMK this year, the exhibition is expected to provide art lovers a rare opportunity to relish the profound aesthetic sensibility of Joseon artists.


Source : Musée National de Corée 

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